Cyanocobalamin is the synthetic form of vitamin B12, which is used for the treatment of deficiency or low levels of the vitamin. The role of vitamin B12 in the human body is to assist with the use of carbohydrates and fat for energy and produce new protein.
This also plays an important role in normal nerves, cells, and blood. Many people get adequate amounts of vitamin B12 from their diet. However, deficiency may take place as a result of some health conditions such as cancer, infection, intestinal or stomach problems, and poor nutrition. Serious cases of vitamin B12 deficiency may lead to nerve damage, stomach issues, and anemia.
How to Use Cyanocobalamin
If you plan to use this particular medication at home, it is important to ask your doctor or healthcare professional about all instructions for usage and preparation.
Before using, don’t forget to check the product visually for any discoloration or particles. Avoid using the liquid if either of the two is present.
The medication is administered through injection under the skin or into a muscle as directed by the doctor. The dosage depends on your response to treatment and medical conditions. Injections may also be given every day during the start of the treatment. Some medical conditions such as pernicious anemia might also require the patient to continue getting injections monthly.
It is also a must to learn how to discard and store medical supplies and needs safely. You can ask your pharmacist for some guidance here.
Are There Side Effects?
Redness or pain at the site of the injection, itching, a feeling of swelling throughout the body, and mild diarrhea may occur. inform your pharmacist or doctor right away if any of the said effects worsen or persist.
Take note that doctors prescribe this medication because they have judged that its benefits to you are greater than the risk of suffering from side effects. Most people who use this medication don’t experience serious side effects.
Cyanocobalamin may also cause hypokalemia or low levels of potassium in the blood. Once again, inform your doctor immediately if any of the following serious but unlikely side effects happen:
- irregular heartbeat
- muscle cramps
people diagnosed with polycythemia vera, a rare blood disorder, may seldom have symptoms related to the condition when taking cyanocobalamin. Seek medical attention promptly if any of the very serious but rare symptoms below occur:
- trouble speaking
- sudden changes in vision
- weakness in just one part of the body
- chest pain, particularly with shortness of breath
You also need to seek medical assistance immediately once you have any of the very serious side effects of symptoms of heart failure, including sudden or unusual weight gain, unusual tiredness, swelling of feet or ankles, and shortness of breath.
While it is rare to have a very serious case of allergic reaction to cyanocobalamin, again prompt medical attention is necessary once you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
- trouble breathing
- severe dizziness
- swelling or itching especially of the tongue, throat, or face
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